Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) arises following a reciprocal translocation t(15;17) that fuses PML with retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA). The PML-RARA fusion protein targets and disrupts nuclear multiprotein complexes called PODs, ND10 or NBs, a process which is associated with a block in myeloid differentiation leading to APL. A human B-cell cDNA library was screened for PML-interacting clones and a single positive clone (PIC1) was isolated. The sequence of PIC1 shows 52% identity to a S. cerevisiae ubiquitin-like protein that was cloned as a suppressor of mutations in MIF2, a protein required for mitotic spindle integrity during anaphase. Transient transfection of NIH3T3 cells with PIC1 results in a nuclear staining pattern coincident with that of endogenous mouse PML. Further, cotransfection of PIC1 with human PML produces a completely overlapping staining pattern between the two proteins. An antibody raised against PIC1 detects a punctate staining pattern in HeLa cells that is coincident with endogenous human PML. There is no significant colocalisation observed between the staining of PML/ PML-RARA and PIC1 in an APL-derived cell line NB4, as compared to cells expressing only wild type PML. However, following all trans retinoic acid treatment of NB4 cells a significant relocalisation of PIC1 and PML is observed. PIC1 is the first identified NB-associated protein that interacts with PML, the function of which may lead to a fuller understanding of the molecular events leading to APL.