Acute stimulation of intestinal cell calcium influx induced by 17 beta-estradiol via the cAMP messenger system

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1996 May 31;119(2):129-34. doi: 10.1016/0303-7207(96)03799-9.


Recent studies have provided evidence for nuclear estrogen receptor-mediated calcium transport in intestinal mucosal cells. The possibility that, in addition, estrogens directly stimulate intestinal Ca2+ fluxes through second-messenger pathways was investigated. Exposure of enterocytes isolated from female rat duodenum to low physiological levels of 17 beta-estradiol (10(-11), 10(-10) and 10(-8) M) rapidly (1-10 min) increased (50-170%) cell 45Ca2+ influx. 17 alpha-Estradiol, dihydrotestosterone and progesterone were devoid of activity, suggesting specificity of the estrogen effect. Maximum responses induced by 17 beta-estradiol (5 min at 10(-10) M) could be abolished to a great extent (84%) by pretreating the cells with verapamil (10 microM) and nitrendipine (1 microM), involving the activation of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in the fast increase of rat duodenal calcium uptake by the hormone. Evidence was obtained indicating that the acute estrogen stimulation of enterocyte Ca2+ influx is mediated by the cyclic AMP/PKA pathway. 17 beta-Estradiol rapidly increased cAMP content of rat duodenal cells in parallel to the changes in Ca2+ uptake. In addition, forskolin, dibutyryl cAMP and Sp-cAMPS mimicked and Rp-cAMPS suppressed the prompt 17 beta-estradiol-induced stimulation of Ca2+ influx. These results are consistent with a direct action of estrogens in the enterocyte, presumably a non-genomic one, initiated on the cell surface and resulting in rapid activation of the cAMP pathway and Ca2+ channels, which may be relevant for regulation of intestinal calcium transport.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bucladesine / pharmacology
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Calcium Channels / physiology
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / analogs & derivatives
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / physiology*
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / physiology
  • Duodenum / cytology
  • Duodenum / drug effects*
  • Duodenum / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Estradiol / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Nitrendipine / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Second Messenger Systems / physiology*
  • Thionucleotides / pharmacology
  • Verapamil / pharmacology


  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Thionucleotides
  • Colforsin
  • adenosine-3',5'-cyclic phosphorothioate
  • Estradiol
  • Bucladesine
  • Nitrendipine
  • Verapamil
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Adenylyl Cyclases
  • Calcium