Using DNA from sorted human chromosomes and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we assigned 2295 NotI sites, 43% of the total, to specific chromosomes and designated the procedure CA-RLGS (chromosome-assigned restriction landmark genomic scanning). Although the NotI enzyme is sensitive to DNA methylation, our results suggested that the majority of the spots did not seem to be affected by this modification. The NotI sites were distributed at higher levels in chromosomes 17, 19, and 22, suggesting higher gene content in these chromosomes. Most spots were assigned to unique chromosomes, but some spots were found on two or more chromosomes. Quantitative analysis revealed the intensity of the DNA spots on the sex chromosomes to be haploid and that of the chromosome 21 spots in DNA from a male with Down syndrome to be trisomic, although there were exceptions. We report here the first-generation CA-RLGS map of the human genome.