Transcriptional hierarchy in Xenopus embryogenesis: HNF4 a maternal factor involved in the developmental activation of the gene encoding the tissue specific transcription factor HNF1 alpha (LFB1)

Mech Dev. 1996 Jan;54(1):45-57. doi: 10.1016/0925-4773(95)00460-2.

Abstract

The tissue specific transcription factor HNF1 alpha (LFB1) expressed in liver, kidney, stomach and gut gets transcriptionally activated in Xenopus shortly after zygotic transcription starts. By microinjection into fertilized Xenopus eggs, a HNF1 alpha promoter fragment is activated in the middle part of developing larvae, reflecting the activation pattern of the endogenous HNF1 alpha gene. Mutational analysis of the HNF1 alpha promoter shows that HNF1 and HNF4 binding sites are essential for proper embryonic regulation. Since by injecting HNF4 mRNA into fertilized eggs the endogenous HNF1 alpha gene is activated ectopically and HNF4 is present as a maternal protein within an animal to vegetal gradient in the embryo, we assume that HNF4 initiates a transcriptional hierarchy involved in determination of different cell fates.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Digestive System / embryology
  • Digestive System / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4
  • Larva / metabolism
  • Larva / ultrastructure
  • Microinjections
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Oocytes / metabolism*
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / physiology*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA, Messenger / administration & dosage
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • Xenopus laevis / embryology*
  • Xenopus laevis / genetics
  • Zygote / metabolism*

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4
  • Hnf1a protein, rat
  • Hnf1b protein, Xenopus
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • hnf1a protein, Xenopus
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1
  • Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z37526