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Comparative Study
, 39 (19), 3790-6

Unsaturated Side Chain beta-11-hydroxyhexahydrocannabinol Analogs

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Comparative Study

Unsaturated Side Chain beta-11-hydroxyhexahydrocannabinol Analogs

J Busch-Petersen et al. J Med Chem.

Abstract

The cannabinoid side chain is a key pharmacophore in the interaction of cannabinoids with their receptors (CB1 and CB2). To study the stereochemical requirements of the side chain, we synthesized a series of cannabinoids in which rotation around the C1'-C2' bond is blocked. The key steps in the synthesis were the cuprate addition of a substituted resorcinol to (+)-apoverbenone, the TMSOTf-mediated formation of the dihydropyran ring, and the stereospecific introduction of the beta-11-hydroxymethyl group. All the analogs tested showed nanomolar affinity for the receptors, the cis-hept-1-ene side chain having the highest affinity for CB1 (Ki = 0.89 nM) and showing the widest separation between CB1 and CB2 affinities. The parent n-heptyl-beta-11-hydroxyhexahydrocannabinol was the least potent binding to CB1 (Ki = 8.9 nM) and had the lowest selectivity between CB1 and CB2.

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