Preliminary work showed that a 14-kDa allergen with a pI of 9 was recognized by more than 60% of sera from Dactylis glomerata (Dac g) pollen-allergic individuals. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of this Dac g allergen was determined by Edman degradation and compared with that of Lol p 3, a major allergen of Lolium perenne. A sequence identity of 65% was found, suggesting that the Dac g allergen could be the homologue of Lol p 3 and therefore named Dac g 3. We report the cloning and sequence analysis of a cDNA encoding the Dac g 3 pollen allergen. The recombinant allergen (rDac g 3) expressed in plasmid vector pGEX-2T contained IgE-reactive epitopes found in its natural counterpart, and induced histamine release from basophils of Dac g-allergic individuals, confirming that the recombinant protein has biological properties similar to the pollen extracted allergen. Computer analyses showed that, in spite of a high degree of sequence homology, even closely related allergens such as Dac g 3 and Lol p 3 have dissimilar predictive secondary structures and potential different antigenicity. Because it possesses the properties of the native counterpart, rDac g 3 could be a relevant tool for molecular studies in allergy.