Characteristics of pancreatic injury in children: a comparison with such injury in adults

J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Jul;31(7):896-900. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3468(96)90405-4.


A retrospective study of eight pediatric patients (under 15 years of age) who had pancreatic injuries was undertaken. Comparisons were made with 59 adult patients who sustained pancreatic injuries over the same 15-year period. All the pediatric injuries and 96.6% of the adult resulted from blunt abdominal trauma. Bicycle accidents (children, 75.0%; adults, 0%; P < .001) and automobile accidents (children, 0%; adults, 61.0%; P < .01) were the most common causes of pancreatic injury in the two groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of abdominal pain or peritoneal irritation between the groups. However, abdominal pain in the adults was poorly localized. Isolated pancreatic injuries were noted in 62.5% of the pediatric patients and in 15.3% of the adult patients (P < .05). Associated intraabdominal injuries were present in 25.0% of the children and in 69.5% of the adults (P < .05). The duodenum was injured in two (25.0%) pediatric patients and in 10 (16.9%) adult patients. Whereas the duodenal injuries in pediatric patients were intramural hematomas without perforation in both cases, all but one of these injuries in adults were perforations or transections (P < .05). There was a significant difference in the type of pancreatic injury between the two groups (P < .05). Surgery was performed in 12.5% of the pediatric cases and in 78.0% of the adult cases (P < .01). There were no deaths among the pediatric patients, but 8.5% of the adults died in the hospital. The difference with respect to clinical course might be related to the differences in cause of injury.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Injuries / etiology
  • Abdominal Pain / etiology
  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Bicycling / injuries
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Duodenum / injuries
  • Female
  • Hematoma / etiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Intestinal Perforation / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreas / injuries*
  • Pancreas / surgery
  • Peritoneum / injuries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rupture
  • Survival Rate
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / etiology