Characterization and chromosomal localization of the gene for human rhodopsin kinase

Genomics. 1996 Aug 1;35(3):571-6. doi: 10.1006/geno.1996.0399.


G-protein-dependent receptor kinases (GRKs) play a key role in the adaptation of receptors to persistent stimuli. In rod photoreceptors rhodopsin kinase (RK) mediates rapid desensitization of rod photoreceptors to light by catalyzing phosphorylation of the visual pigment rhodopsin. To study the structure and mechanism of GRKs in human photoreceptors, we have isolated and characterized cDNA and genomic clones derived from the human RK locus using a bovine rhodopsin kinase cDNA fragment as a probe. The RK locus, assigned to chromosome 13 band q34, is composed of seven exons that encode a protein 92% identical in amino acid sequence to bovine rhodopsin kinase. The marked difference between the structure of this gene and that of another recently cloned human GRK gene suggests the existence of a wide evolutionary gap between members of the GRK gene family.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cattle
  • Cell Line
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13*
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Exons
  • Eye Proteins*
  • G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 1
  • Humans
  • Hybrid Cells
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Kinases / genetics*
  • Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Eye Proteins
  • Protein Kinases
  • G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 1
  • GRK1 protein, human

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L77496
  • GENBANK/L77497
  • GENBANK/L77498
  • GENBANK/L77499
  • GENBANK/L77500
  • GENBANK/L77501
  • GENBANK/L77502
  • GENBANK/L77503