Molecular modeling of serotonin, ketanserin, ritanserin and their 5-HT2C receptor interactions

Eur J Pharmacol. 1996 Jun 13;306(1-3):195-210. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(96)00180-x.


Molecular modeling techniques were used to build a three-dimensional model of the rat 5-HT2C receptor, which was used to examine receptor interactions for protonated forms of serotonin, ketanserin and ritanserin. Molecular dynamics simulations which were started with the fluoro benzene moiety of ketanserin and ritanserin oriented towards the cytoplasmic side of the receptor model, produced the strongest antagonist-receptor interactions. The fluoro bezene ring(s) of the antagonists interacted strongly with aromatic residues in the receptor model, which predicts slightly different orientations and ligand-receptor interactions of ketanserin and ritanserin at a putative binding site. The model suggests that Asn333 (transmembrane helix 6) is involved in a hydrogen-bonding interaction with ketanserin, but not with ritanserin. The model also also suggests that the position corresponding to Cys362 (transmembrane helix 7) may be an important determinant for specifying 5-HT2A receptor selectivity in ketanserin binding.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ketanserin / chemistry*
  • Ketanserin / metabolism
  • Models, Chemical
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Serotonin / chemistry*
  • Receptors, Serotonin / metabolism
  • Ritanserin / chemistry*
  • Ritanserin / metabolism
  • Serotonin / chemistry*
  • Serotonin / metabolism
  • Serotonin Antagonists / chemistry*
  • Serotonin Antagonists / metabolism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Receptors, Serotonin
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Ritanserin
  • Serotonin
  • Ketanserin