Post-war changes in the outcome of pregnancy in Maternity Hospital, Kuwait

Med Confl Surviv. 1996 Apr-Jun;12(2):154-67. doi: 10.1080/13623699608409273.


To analyse the pre- and post-Gulf War changes in the outcome of pregnancy and to explore the possible causes that could have affected these changes, a retrospective analysis of medical records of patients delivering in Maternity Hospital Kuwait (MHK) was carried out for the period 1987-89 (pre-Gulf-War) and 1992 (post-Gulf War). The records of 1991 were used when adequate information was available. The normal z test was used to assess the significance between two proportions. There is a significant rise in abortion, low birth weight babies, triplet pregnancies, and major congenital anomalies in the post-war period. The still-birth rate, early neonatal mortality rate and perinatal mortality rate significantly increased in the immediate post-war period in 1991, but decreased to levels below the pre-war period in 1992. It should be investigated whether these changes are secondary to the changes in the population structure; the effects of war in terms of deterioration of health care services; environmental pollution caused by oil well fires, oil spills; or the psychological trauma, anxiety and stress caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Fetal Death / epidemiology
  • Hospitals, Maternity / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kuwait / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Warfare*