Two genes responsible for a nonspecific form of X-linked mental retardation (MRX28 and MRX33) were localized by linkage analysis with 40 highly polymorphic DNA markers situated along the entire the X chromosome. In family 1, the gene could be mapped within a 14-cM interval at Xq28, distal to the recombining marker DXS1113 (MRX28). The maximum LOD score was 2.75, with DXS52 at phi = .0. In family 2, the gene was localized within a 30-cM interval at Xp11.4-22.12 between the recombining markers DXS365 and MAOB, including the DMD gene (MRX33). Maximum LOD scores of 2.82 were obtained with markers DMD-STR49, DMD-DysII, CYBB, and DXS1068.