Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was used to analyze seven autologous uveal melanomas with both formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded and fresh-frozen specimens. In addition, DNA from two archival formalin-fixed tumors more than 45 years old were also analyzed. The most frequent genetic changes were loss of chromosome 3; increase in copy number of 6p and loss of 6q; and increase in copy number of 8q. A comparison of CGH data from the fresh-frozen tumors and their autologous formalin-fixed tumors revealed a correlation coefficient of 0.83. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis of 45-year-old specimens identified genetic changes similar to those found in more recent tumors including loss of chromosome 3 and increase in copy numbers of 6p and 8q. The results indicate that there is a good agreement between data obtained from formalin-fixed and fresh-frozen specimens using CGH. Furthermore, the results demonstrate the applicability of this technique in analyzing archival formalin-fixed tumors that were previously not accessible to cytogenetic analysis.