Typing of the glycopeptidolipid antigens performed by thin layer chromatography on 59 Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAC) strains isolated in Italy from AIDS patients showed that the most frequent types were 1, 4, 3, 8, and 21 (24, 19, 14, 14 and 8% of the strains, respectively). Among non-AIDS patients, types 1, 4 and 8 were also frequently found. The antimicrobial susceptibility tested in agar and/or liquid media to a panel of drugs indicated in clofazimine and rifabutin effective agents against both AIDS and non-AIDS strains. The data obtained show that MAC type distribution in Italy appears to be different from that reported for other countries. No major differences in drug susceptibility between AIDS and non-AIDS related strains were found.