Transforaminal endoscopic microdiscectomy

Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1996 Jan;7(1):59-63.


Foraminal epidural endoscopic surgery (FEES) is a minimally invasive spine surgery technique that allows maximum exposure for visualization, identification, and exploration of anatomy, pathology, and structures at risk; therefore, it provides for dissection of neuropathologic anatomy and documentation of surgical correction. Minimal intervention with maximum surgical capability supports consideration of FEES as "microdiscectomy through a cannula."

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diskectomy*
  • Endoscopy*
  • Epidural Space / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement / surgery*
  • Patient Selection