Antimicrobial use in long-term-care facilities

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1996 Feb;17(2):119-28. doi: 10.1086/647256.


There is intense antimicrobial use in long-term-care facilities (LTCF), and studies repeatedly document that much of this use is inappropriate. The current crisis in antimicrobial resistance, which encompasses the LTCF, heightens concerns of antimicrobial use. Attempts to improve antimicrobial use in the LTCF are complicated by characteristics of the patient population, limited availability of diagnostic tests, and virtual absence of relevant clinical trials. This article recommends approaches to management of common LTCF infections and proposes minimal standards for an antimicrobial review program. In developing these recommendations, the article acknowledges the unique aspects of provision of care in the LTCF.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Cross Infection / diagnosis
  • Cross Infection / microbiology
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Cross Infection / therapy
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Drug Utilization Review*
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Care
  • Nursing Homes / standards*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • United States


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents