We report ten cases of rupture of the distal part of the tendon of biceps brachii in patients aged from 27 to 58 years. MRI allowed assessment of the degree of retraction of the tendon which was related to the integrity of the bicipital expansion. When the retraction exceeded 8 cm the expansion was always ruptured. When there was doubt, or in longstanding injury, MRI allowed the lesions to be defined. Surgical repair was by reinsertion on the radial tuberosity at one or two fixation points in eight patients and reinsertion on the anterior brachial muscle in one. The other patient refused surgery. The MRI findings were confirmed at operation. Use of fixation points allowed minimal intervention, thereby reducing the risk of damaging the radial nerve. One year after operation, dynamometric evaluation of the strength of flexion and supination confirmed that the best results were obtained by reinsertion to the radial tuberosity.