Psychological well-being: meaning, measurement, and implications for psychotherapy research

Psychother Psychosom. 1996;65(1):14-23. doi: 10.1159/000289026.


A model of positive psychological functioning that emerges from diverse domains of theory and philosophy is presented. Six key dimensions of wellness are defined, and empirical research summarizing their empirical translation and sociodemographic correlates is presented. Variations in well-being are explored via studies of discrete life events and enduring human experiences. Life histories of the psychologically vulnerable and resilient, defined via the cross-classification of depression and well-being, are summarized. Implications of the focus on positive functioning for research on psychotherapy, quality of life, and mind/body linkages are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Depressive Disorder / classification
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / therapy
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Life Change Events
  • Motivation
  • Personality Development
  • Psychotherapy*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Self Concept*