Mutations in the dystrophin gene are responsible for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD). Studies of dystrophin expression and function have benefited from use of the mdx mouse, an animal model for DMD/BMD. Here we characterized mutations in three additional strains of mdx mice, the mdx2cv, mdx4cv and mdx5cv alleles. The mutation in the mdx2cv mouse was found to be a single base change in the splice acceptor sequence of dystrophin intron 42. This mutation leads to a complex pattern of aberrant splicing that generates multiple transcripts, none of which preserve the normal open reading frame. In the mdx5cv allele, the dystrophin mRNA contains a 53 bp deletion of sequences from exon 10. Analysis of the genomic DNA uncovered a single A to T transversion in exon 10. Although this base change does not alter the encoded amino acid, a new splice donor was created (GTGAG) that generates a frameshifting deletion in the processed mRNA. In the mdx4cv allele, direct sequencing revealed a C to T transition in exon 53, creating an ochre codon (CAA to TAA). The differential location of these mutations relative to the seven known dystrophin promoters results in a series of mdx mouse mutants that differ in their repertoire of isoform expression, such that these mice should be useful for studies of dystrophin expression and function. The mdx4cv and mdx5cv strains may be of additional use in gene transfer studies due to their low frequency of mutation reversion.