Reduced glucose effectiveness associated with reduced insulin release: an artifact of the minimal-model method

Am J Physiol. 1996 Sep;271(3 Pt 1):E485-95. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1996.271.3.E485.


We previously demonstrated that minimal model-derived estimates of glucose effectiveness (SG), based on the frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (SGFSIGT), were reduced in islet-transplanted or streptozotocin-treated dogs and in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. To ascertain the validity of our observations, we compared SGFSIGT with estimates based on a basal hormone replacement glucose clamp (SGBRCLAMP) and a basal hormone replacement glucose tolerance test (SGBRGTT) in normal control (CNTL, n = 12) and streptozotocin-treated dogs with normal fasting plasma glucose (STZ-Rx, n = 9). SGFSIGT was reduced in STZ-Rx compared with CNTL (P < 0.05). However, neither SGBRCLAMP nor SGBRGTT was reduced in the STZ-Rx group (P > 0.05). Comparison of protocols for each subject indicated that SGFSIGT was greater than either SGBRCLAMP or SGBRGTT in control (P < 0.002) but not in STZ-Rx dogs (P > 0.1). The relationship of SGFSIGT to insulin secretory function suggests that our previous conclusion that SGFSIGT was reduced in subjects with limited insulin release may be an artifact of the minimal-model method. Our results suggest that caution must be exercised in the interpretation of differences in minimal-model estimates of SG between subject groups with significantly different levels of insulin secretory function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / metabolism*
  • Dogs
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / metabolism*
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Models, Biological*


  • Insulin
  • Glucose