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, 288 (8), 469-73

Inhibitory Effects of bFGF, VEGF and Minoxidil on Collagen Synthesis by Cultured Hair Dermal Papilla Cells

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Inhibitory Effects of bFGF, VEGF and Minoxidil on Collagen Synthesis by Cultured Hair Dermal Papilla Cells

S Lachgar et al. Arch Dermatol Res.

Abstract

Dermal papilla cells of rat vibrissa follicles cultivated in monolayers and in three-dimensional collagen gels show a different morphology in these culture systems. Dermal papilla cells cultured in lattices tend to express morphological features resembling those seen in vivo. Quantification of total collagen by incorporation of 3H-proline in monolayer cultures and in collagen lattices show that the amount of collagen found in dermal papilla cells is higher than that secreted. Moreover, collagen synthesis measured in lattices is reduced to about 50% of that found in monolayer cultures. The influence of growth factors on collagen synthesis by hair dermal papilla cells was investigated. We studied the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and minoxidil on collagen synthesis in monolayers and in lattices. VEGF, bFGF and minoxidil significantly decreased the total amount of collagen. In monolayer cultures, there was approximately a 30% inhibition of collagen production with 5 ng/ml bFGF, 0.1 ng/ml VEGF and 100 ng/ml minoxidil. However, in the lattices this inhibition was reduced to about half. These results suggest that both culture substrate and growth factors influence collagen production by rat hair dermal papilla cells.

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