24-h ambulatory blood pressure in 352 normal Danish subjects, related to age and gender

Am J Hypertens. 1995 Oct;8(10 Pt 1):978-86. doi: 10.1016/0895-7061(95)00216-2.


The study was conducted to determine age and sex stratified normal values for 24-h ambulatory blood pressure. A sample of 352 healthy subjects (all white) were randomly selected from the community register and stratified by sex and age groups in decades from 20 to 79 years of age. Persons with a history of hypertension, cerebral apoplexy, diabetes, myocardial or renal disease, and who were taking blood pressure-influencing medication were excluded. Ambulatory blood pressure was recorded over 24 h, with measurements taken every 15 min from 07:00 to 22:59, and every 30 min from 23:00 to 6:59. Systolic blood pressure increased only slightly with age and was significantly higher in men than in women. The diastolic blood pressure increased only slightly with age in both sexes until the 50 to 59 years age group and declined thereafter. The diastolic blood pressure was not different for the two sexes. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were approximately 15% lower during the night regardless of age or sex. Ambulatory blood pressure during the daytime was on an average of 5 mm Hg lower than office blood pressure, but the mean difference between the two measurements increased with age. The variability of the difference also increased with age.

In conclusion: Normal values for ambulatory blood pressure are presented in a randomly selected age- and gender-stratified population. Differences between office blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure increased with age suggesting that the previously observed higher blood pressure seen in the elderly partly might be explained by a greater impact of white coat hypertension in older people.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Circadian Rhythm*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Office Visits
  • Reference Values
  • Sex Characteristics*