Effects of prior exercise on pulmonary gas-exchange kinetics during high-intensity exercise in humans

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1996 Jan;80(1):99-107. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1996.80.1.99.


The effects of prior exercise on O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics during supra-lactate threshold (LT) cycling were assessed in 11 subjects. Protocols consisted of two consecutive 6-min work bouts separated by 0 W (6 min) with 1) both bouts sub-LT, 2) both bouts supra-LT, 3) bout 1 sub-LT and bout 2 supra-LT, and 4) bout 1 supra-LT and bout 2 sub-LT. Sub-LT VO2 kinetics were similar whether the prior bout was supra- or sub-LT. The VO2 kinetics for supra-LT work preceded by a sub-LT "warm-up" were similar to those for supra-LT work that was not preceded by exercise (O-W warm-up): the "partial": O2 deficit averaged 2.64 vs. 2.57 liters, and the "effective" VO2 time constant averaged 56 vs. 65 s. Exercise responses (i.e., the change between O W and minute 6 of exercise) were unaffected for lactate concentration (4.58 vs. 4.50 meq/l), pH (-0.08 vs. -0.10), and CO2 output (VCO2; 2.65 vs. 2.49 l/min). However, when the supra-LT work was preceded by a supra-LT warm-up, VO2 kinetics were appreciably faster (O2 deficit = 1.82 liters, VO2 time constant = 37 s) relative to 0-W warm-up; the lactate (0.69 meq/l), pH (-0.01), and VCO2 (2.08 l/min) responses were smaller; and the effective VCO2 time constant was longer (58 vs. 43 s). The mechanism(s) that underlie this speeding of the VO2 kinetics cannot be firmly established, but we suggest that an improved muscle perfusion during the exercise may be involved consequent to the residual metabolic acidemia from the high-intensity warm-up.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acidosis / physiopathology
  • Adult
  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology*