Random amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR) was used to investigate the differentiation of the genus Aeromonas at the genomospecies level. Of 20 primers evaluated, six produced profiles which contained multiple bands capable of differentiating the genomospecies. These six primers were also used in RAPD-PCR analyses of clinical and environmental isolates of the different genomospecies. In most cases, each strain gave a unique fingerprint, illustrating genetic heterogeneity at the genomospecies level. However, some homogeneity in fragment sizes was seen among strains within a genomospecies which was not apparent in strains from different genomospecies. This study therefore complements and supports the current classification of Aeromonas into genomospecies. These results also show that RAPD-PCR has the potential to differentiate between the genomospecies of Aeromonas.