Validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in non-postnatal women

J Affect Disord. 1996 Jul 29;39(3):185-9. doi: 10.1016/0165-0327(96)00008-0.


This paper reports the validation of the EPDS against a Research Diagnostic Criteria diagnosis of Major and Minor depression. The EPDS was administered to non-postnatal women with older children (mean age of youngest child 3 years 9 months) and to postnatal women (baby aged 6 months). All who scored 9 or above and one third of low scorers were interviewed, using Goldberg's Clinical Interview Schedule. The study confirmed good user acceptability of the EPDS when administered as a postal questionnaire (92% response rate). The EPDS was found to have satisfactory sensitivity (79%) and specificity (85%). Our findings suggest that the EPDS take a place alongside other screening scales for depression in Community samples. It is proposed that when used in these settings it is referred to as the Edinburgh Depression Scale.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Depression, Postpartum / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self-Assessment
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Surveys and Questionnaires