Poloxamer-188 as an adjunct to primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction

Am J Cardiol. 1996 Oct 1;78(7):747-50. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(96)00414-6.


Poloxamer-188 is a surfactant polymer with antithrombotic and hemorheologic properties that make it potentially useful as an adjunct to acute reperfusion strategies. Animal studies and early human studies have documented poloxamer-188 to be effective at improving myocardial salvage when used as an adjunct to intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. The current trial was a prospective pilot study involving 150 patients who were randomized in a 2:1 fashion to a poloxamer-188 infusion for 48-hours versus placebo. The poloxamer-188 infusion was well tolerated subjectively. The only clinically significant laboratory abnormality noted was an elevation in the serum creatinine above 2.0 g/dl in 12% (n = 12) of the 98 poloxamer-188 treated patients versus 1 of the 52 (2%) of the placebo treated patients (p = 0.048). Clinical end points including reinfarction (1% vs 4%), cardiogenic shock (7% vs 6%), and death (9% vs 4%) were statistically similar in the poloxamer-188 and placebo groups, respectively (p = NS). Using quantitative nuclear techniques, final infarct size and myocardial salvage were statistically similar in the poloxamer-188 and placebo groups. Mean left ventricular ejection fractions 1 week post after infarction were 51% +/- 12% in the poloxamer-188 group and 52% +/- 13% in the placebo group (p = NS). Final infarct size, was not altered by the poloxamer- 188 infusion; however, it was significantly correlated with normal perfusion (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction grade 3 flow) in the infarct vessel after angioplasty. This study documented poloxamer-188 to be ineffective as an adjunct to primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction and resulted in azotemia in 12% of the patients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / methods*
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / blood
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Poloxalene / administration & dosage*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surface-Active Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Surface-Active Agents
  • Poloxalene
  • Creatinine