Requirement for PCNA in DNA Mismatch Repair at a Step Preceding DNA Resynthesis

Cell. 1996 Oct 4;87(1):65-73. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)81323-9.


A two-hybrid system was used to screen yeast and human expression libraries for proteins that interact with mismatch repair proteins. PCNA was recovered from both libraries and shown in the case of yeast to interact with both MLH1 and MSH2. A yeast strain containing a mutation in the PCNA gene had a strongly elevated mutation rate in a dinucleotide repeat, and the rate was not further elevated in a strain also containing a mutation in MLH1. Mismatch repair activity was examined in human cell extracts using an assay that does not require DNA repair synthesis. Activity was inhibited by p21WAF1 or a p21 peptide, both of which bind to PCNA, and activity was restored to inhibited reactions by addition of PCNA. The data suggest a PCNA requirement in mismatch repair at a step preceding DNA resynthesis. The ability of PCNA to bind to MLH1 and MSH2 may reflect linkage between mismatch repair and replication and may be relevant to the roles of mismatch repair proteins in other DNA transactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins / pharmacology
  • DNA / biosynthesis*
  • DNA Repair / drug effects
  • DNA Repair / physiology*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • MutL Protein Homolog 1
  • MutL Proteins
  • MutS Homolog 2 Protein
  • Mutagenesis
  • Neoplasm Proteins*
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • Peptides / pharmacology
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / metabolism
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / pharmacology
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / physiology*
  • Protein Binding
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Yeasts / genetics


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • CDKN1A protein, human
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • MLH1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • PMS1 protein, human
  • Peptides
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • DNA
  • MutL Protein Homolog 1
  • MutL Proteins
  • MutS Homolog 2 Protein