The long history of a cerebello-pontine angle epidermoid tumour--a case report and lessons learned

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1996;138(3):350-4. doi: 10.1007/BF01411748.

Abstract

The authors present the case of a patient accurately diagnosed and operated on for an epidermoid cyst in the CPA region, 30 years after the clinical onset with the initial symptom of hypoacusis. At the time of the operation, the patient presented with advanced CPA syndrome, and the tumour had grown to an enormous size. Complete capsule removal was not attempted due to its tenacious adherence to vital neurovascular structures. Thirteen years after surgery, the patient underwent a second operation due to tumour regrowth. The case provides supporting evidence that the clinical findings of a CPA epidermoid cyst may be minimal, and remain so for extended periods of time until the tumour has spread widely. Epidermoids tend to insinuate in the cisterns around cranial nerves, blood vessels, and the brainstem, rather than compressing these structures. The importance of early detection and radical removal, presently facilitated by Magnetic Resonance Imaging, is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cerebellar Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Cerebellar Diseases / surgery
  • Cerebellopontine Angle*
  • Cholesteatoma / diagnosis*
  • Cholesteatoma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed