Mortality amongst Paris fire-fighters

Eur J Epidemiol. 1995 Dec;11(6):643-6. doi: 10.1007/BF01720297.


This paper is the first mortality cohort study undertaken in France to examine the association between fire-fighting and cause of death. The cohort investigated in this study consisted of 830 male members of the Brigade des sapeurs-pompiers de Paris (BSPP). These professional had served for a minimum of 5 years on 1 January 1977. They were monitored for a 14 year period, finishing 1 January 1991. When compared to the average French male, the Paris fire-fighters were found to have a far lower overall mortality (SMR = 0.52 [0.35-0.75]). None of the cause specific SMRs were significantly different from unity. However a greater number of deaths than expected was observed for genito-urinary cancer (SMR = 3.29), digestive cancer (SMR = 1.14), respiratory cancer (SMR = 1.12) and 'cerebrovascular disease' (SMR = 1.16). The low overall SMR observed was consistent with the healthy worker effect. As for cause specific SMRs, they will be confirmed or invalidated by a further analysis as the follow-up of this cohort is being carried on.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cause of Death
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / mortality
  • Cohort Studies
  • Digestive System Neoplasms / mortality
  • Fires*
  • Healthy Worker Effect
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Paris / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Tract Neoplasms / mortality
  • Urogenital Neoplasms / mortality