Recommendations for reporting cost-effectiveness analyses. Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

JAMA. 1996 Oct;276(16):1339-41. doi: 10.1001/jama.276.16.1339.


Objective: This article, the third in a 3-part series, describes recommendations for the reporting of cost-effective analyses (CEAs) intended to improve the quality and accessibility of CEA reports.

Participants: The Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine, a nonfederal panel with expertise in CEA, clinical medicine, ethics, and health outcomes measurement, convened by the US Public Health Service.

Evidence: The panel reviewed the theoretical foundations of CEA, current practices, alternative methods, published critiques of CEAs, and criticisms of general CEA methods and reporting practices.

Consensus process: The panel developed recommendations through 2 1/2 years of discussions. Comments on preliminary drafts were solicited from federal government methodologists, health agency officials, and academic methodologists.

Conclusions: These recommendations are proposed to enhance the transparency of study methods, assist analysts in providing complete information, and facilitate the presentation of comparable cost-effectiveness results across studies. Adherence to reporting conventions and attention to providing information required to understand and interpret study results will improve the relevance and accessibility of CEAs.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis*
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Health Care Rationing
  • Health Services Research*
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care* / standards
  • Publishing / standards
  • United States