Auditory brainstem responses in infants and children with anoxic brain damage due to near-suffocation or near-drowning

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1996 Aug;36(3):231-9. doi: 10.1016/0165-5876(96)01355-9.

Abstract

We studied auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) of sixteen infants and children with brain damage after anoxic accidents due to near-suffocation or near-drowning. The patients manifested cerebral palsy, mental retardation and/or epilepsy and showed poor responses in the behavioral audiometry. Auditory brainstem responses were abnormal in five of the patients in the near-drowning group (waves I, II and III only were present in three patients and the amplitudes of waves IV and V were low in two patients) but normal in most of the patients in the near-suffocation group. This difference in the ABRs between the two groups suggest that in infants and children anoxic brain damage due to near-drowning might involve not only the cerebral cortex and subcortical white matter but also the upper brainstem and midbrain.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries / pathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drowning*
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia, Brain / complications
  • Hypoxia, Brain / diagnosis
  • Hypoxia, Brain / pathology*
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Near Drowning
  • Reference Values
  • Sensitivity and Specificity