Mycobacterial infections in Sweden

Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1995;98:15-6.


The incidence of tuberculosis has continued to decline in the Swedish-born population, but there has been an increase in the foreign-born population, especially among young adults and children. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is still rare in Sweden. The annual number of patients with culture confirmed atypical mycobacteria, especially of M. avium-intracellulare, has increased. The increased incidence of atypical mycobacteria observed in non-BCG vaccinated Swedish children seems to be related to the restricted BCG policy brought into force in 1975.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use*
  • BCG Vaccine
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium Infections* / drug therapy
  • Mycobacterium Infections* / epidemiology
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / drug therapy
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / epidemiology
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / drug therapy
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology


  • Antitubercular Agents
  • BCG Vaccine