Occlusion edge blur: a cue to relative visual depth

J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 1996 Apr;13(4):681-8. doi: 10.1364/josaa.13.000681.


We studied whether the blur/sharpness of an occlusion boundary between a sharply focused surface and a blurred surface is used as a relative depth cue. Observers judged relative depth in pairs of images that differed only in the blurriness of the common boundary between two adjoining texture regions, one blurred and one sharply focused. Two experiments were conducted; in both, observers consistently used the blur of the boundary as a cue to relative depth. However, the strength of the cue, relative to other cues, varied across observers. The occlusion edge blur cue can resolve the near/far ambiguity inherent in depth-from-focus computations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Depth Perception / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Refractive Errors / physiopathology*
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology*