In Australia there is a tradition of early involvement of children in contact sports. Mouthguards are known to reduce the risk of dental and associated injuries--however, Australian studies of the use of mouthguards in contact sports and the prevalence of dental and associated injuries have only focused on adult participants. Previous studies of high school Rugby Union players in New Zealand have shown that between 13 and 15 per cent had previously sustained dental injury while between 30 and 37 per cent wore mouthguards regularly. One hundred and thirty Rugby Union football players attending a large high school in Brisbane participated in this survey. All believed in the safety value of mouthguards in football. All of the players in the four open teams and the majority of players in the four under-age teams wore mouthguards, and the incidence of dental injury was very low, approximately 4 per cent. These and other results will be presented and compared with previous similar studies.