Effects of stress inoculation training on athletes' postsurgical pain and rehabilitation after orthopedic injury

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996 Apr;64(2):406-10. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.64.2.406.


The efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention (stress inoculation training; SIT) for postsurgical anxiety, pain, and physical rehabilitation in injured athletes was tested. Sixty male athletes who underwent arthroscopic surgery for miniscus injury in 1 knee were randomly assigned to either treatment (SIT and physical therapy) or control (physical therapy only) conditions. Results showed that participants in the treatment group demonstrated significantly less postsurgical pain and anxiety during the rehabilitation process, compared with controls. Additionally, treated participants required fewer days to return to criterion physical functioning, compared with nontreated participants.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Pain / rehabilitation*
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Sports*
  • Wounds and Injuries / surgery*