Improving residents' teaching skills and attitudes toward teaching

J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Aug;11(8):475-80. doi: 10.1007/BF02599042.


Objective: To determine whether a short, 3-hour teaching skills workshop could improve residents' teaching performances and attitudes toward teaching.

Design: Controlled study.

Participants and setting: Forty-four second- and third-year residents in a university-based internal medicine residency program.

Interventions: Twenty-two residents were assigned to a nonparticipant (control) group, and 22 residents were assigned to a 3-hour teaching skills workshop designed to help them establish a positive learning climate and provide effective feedback to medical students.

Measurements: Questionnaires completed by medical students and residents that measured the residents' abilities to establish a positive learning climate and provide feedback, their overall teaching skills, and their attitudes toward teaching.

Results: Four months after the workshop intervention, workshop participants improved their learning climate and feedback according to student evaluations (p = .02, p = .001, respectively) and resident self-assessments (p = .002, p = .01, respectively) compared with nonparticipants. Overall teaching skills were not significantly changed (p = .20 for student evaluation and p = .09 for self-assessments). Workshop participants also gained more confidence in their teaching (p = .001), and adopted more learner-centered approaches to teaching than did nonparticipants.

Conclusions: A 3-hour instructional workshop is a feasible and effective method to help residents improve their teaching skills, their confidence in teaching, and the approaches they use to teach medical students on the wards.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Education, Medical, Graduate* / trends
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Internal Medicine / education
  • Internship and Residency
  • Male
  • Program Evaluation
  • Sampling Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teaching*