This study documents the clinical features, incidence and prevalence of motor neuron disease (MND) in Hong Kong Chinese. Patients with MND who were alive between 1989 and 1992 were recruited by retrieval of medical records from the four major hospitals in Hong Kong, and by referral of neurologists, neurosurgeons and medical consultants. Mortality statistics was provided by the Census and Statistics Department. A total of 84 cases were identified with a male preponderance of 1.98:1. The average annual period incidence was 0.31/100,000 and the point prevalence on December 31, 1992, was 0.95/100,000. The mean age at onset was 55.5 years (range 19-81) with a peak observed from 55 to 65 years. The clinical features are similar to other reported series of MND. The incidence and mortality of MND in Hong Kong are therefore lower than the worldwide figures of 2.0/100,000 and 1.5/ 100,000, respectively.