Glycerol Production in a Triose Phosphate Isomerase Deficient Mutant of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

Biotechnol Prog. Sep-Oct 1996;12(5):591-5. doi: 10.1021/bp960043c.


Interesting challenges from metabolically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells arise from the opportunity to obtain yeast strains useful for the production of chemicals. In this paper, we show that engineered yeast cells deficient in the triose phosphate isomerase activity are able to produce glycerol without the use of steering agents. High yields of conversion of glucose into glycerol (80-90% of the theoretical yield) and productivity (1.5 g L-1 h-1) have been obtained by a bioconversion process carried out in a poor and clean medium. We obtained indications that the growth phase at which the biomass was collected affect the process. The best results were obtained using cells collected at the end of exponential phase of growth. In perspective, the strategies and the information about the physiology of the cells described here could be useful for the developing of new biotechnological processes for glycerol production, outflanking the problems related to the use of high level of steering agents.

MeSH terms

  • Biotransformation
  • Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate / metabolism
  • Gene Deletion
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glucose / pharmacokinetics
  • Glycerol / metabolism*
  • Isomerases / deficiency*
  • Isomerases / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • NAD / metabolism
  • Phosphates / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Trioses / metabolism*


  • Phosphates
  • Trioses
  • NAD
  • Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate
  • Isomerases
  • Glucose
  • Glycerol