In this study we investigated sexual functioning in 52 outpatients with a history of traumatic brain injury to determine: (1) the prevalence of reported sexual dysfunction; and (2) the relationship between sexual functioning and age, severity and locus of injury, time since injury, and physical and cognitive function. Reports of sexual functioning indicated a reduction below levels within non-injured populations, but only to statistically significant levels on two scales of the Derogatis Interview of Sexual Function (DISF): Orgasm and Drive/Desire. Location of injury was related to sexuality in that patients with frontal lobe lesions reported an overall higher level of sexual satisfaction and functioning than those individuals without frontal lobe lesions. Time since injury was inversely related to reports of levels of sexual arousal; that is, patients with more recent injuries reported greater levels of arousal than those not recently injured. Right hemisphere injuries also correlated with higher scores on reports of sexual arousal and sexual experiences.