Unique patterns of comorbidity in posttraumatic stress disorder from different sources of trauma

Compr Psychiatry. Sep-Oct 1996;37(5):336-46. doi: 10.1016/s0010-440x(96)90015-2.

Abstract

While there are many studies of comorbidity in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), studies of PTSD from other sources of trauma (e.g., disasters, crimes, and civil violence) are just beginning to emerge. This is the first formal review comparing patterns of comorbidity in PTSD from different sources of trauma. Specific attention is given to the relative frequencies of substance abuse, depression, generalized anxiety, phobic, panic, somatization, psychotic, and personality disorders. The findings reveal that although similarities exist, the comorbidity profiles differ according to the type of trauma experienced and the population studied. Additionally, the evidence suggests that the associated psychiatric disorders are not truly comorbid, but are interwoven with the PTSD.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Comorbidity
  • Crime / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Disasters
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Panic Disorder / epidemiology
  • Panic Disorder / psychology
  • Personality Disorders / epidemiology
  • Personality Disorders / psychology
  • Phobic Disorders / epidemiology
  • Phobic Disorders / psychology
  • Psychotic Disorders / epidemiology
  • Psychotic Disorders / psychology
  • Somatoform Disorders / epidemiology
  • Somatoform Disorders / psychology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Violence / psychology
  • Wounds and Injuries / psychology*