Incidence and Toxigenicity of Aeromonas Hydrophila in Seafood

Int J Food Microbiol. 1996 Aug;31(1-3):121-31. doi: 10.1016/0168-1605(96)00972-5.

Abstract

Three selective media, Oxoid Aeromonas agar (OA), blood ampicillin agar (BA) and starch ampicillin agar (SA) were used to evaluate the presence of Aeromonas hydrophila in 66 samples of oyster, shrimp, fish and surimi products. Oyster had the highest incidence, with 50% positive, whilst no A. hydrophila was found in the surimi. Of the three selective media, BA displayed the highest recovery rate of A. hydrophila from seafood. Forty-eight isolates from this survey were tested for their capability to produce hemolysin and cytotoxin. Hemolysin was produced by 79.2% of the isolates and cytotoxin was produced by 91.7% of the isolates in brain heart infusion broth. One of the toxin-producing isolates from oyster, strain 8-169, was further tested for growth and toxin production in oyster, shrimp and fish at various temperatures. This particular isolate grew best and had highest toxin production in oyster. Hemolysin and cytotoxin were produced earlier at 28 degrees C than at 37 degrees C, and titers of hemolysin were also higher at 28 degrees C. At 5 degrees C, it was able to grow and produce hemolysin in oyster.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aeromonas hydrophila / growth & development
  • Aeromonas hydrophila / isolation & purification*
  • Aeromonas hydrophila / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Culture Media / chemistry
  • Cytotoxins / metabolism*
  • Decapoda / microbiology*
  • Fishes / microbiology*
  • Hemolysin Proteins / metabolism*
  • Ostreidae / microbiology*
  • Temperature

Substances

  • Culture Media
  • Cytotoxins
  • Hemolysin Proteins