High frequency stimulation of the internal Globus Pallidus (GPi) simultaneously improves parkinsonian symptoms and reduces the firing frequency of GPi neurons in the MPTP-treated monkey

Neurosci Lett. 1996 Aug 30;215(1):17-20. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(96)12943-8.


The firing pattern of the neurons of the internal Globus Pallidus (GPi) is greatly disturbed in Parkinson's disease. Surgical lesion or high frequency stimulation (HFS) of the GPi reduces parkinsonian rigidity and akinesia. We evaluated in this study the effects of HFS of the GPi on the firing pattern of its neurons. Extracellular recordings were carried out under three types of experimental conditions in rhesus monkeys, normal state, after MPTP treatment and during HFS of the GPi. After intracarotidian MPTP injection, the firing rate of GPi cells increased significantly. During HFS, MPTP-induced parkinsonian motor symptoms clearly improved correlatively with a significant decrease in the firing rate of GPi cells in the stimulated area. HFS restored a firing frequency similar to that in normal animals and, unexpectedly, did not completely block neuronal activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Globus Pallidus / physiopathology*
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Parkinson Disease / physiopathology*


  • 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine