The increase in human plasma immunoreactive endothelin but not big endothelin-1 or its C-terminal fragment induced by systemic administration of the endothelin antagonist TAK-044

Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Sep;119(2):311-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1996.tb15987.x.


1. We examined the effects of systemic infusion, in healthy human volunteers, of the endothelin antagonist TAK-044 on the plasma concentrations of mature endothelin, big endothelin-1 and the C-terminal fragment of big endothelin-1, by selective solid-phase extraction and specific radioimmunoassays. 2. Unlabelled TAK-044 competed with specific [125I]-endothelin-1 binding to human left ventricle tissue in a biphasic manner giving KD values of 0.11 nM and 26.8 nM at the ETA and ETB receptor subtypes, respectively, indicating a 244 fold selectivity for the ETA receptor subtype. 3. A 15 min intravenous infusion of placebo or 30 mg TAK-044 (giving a serum concentration of 2 nM, calculated to block > 95% of ETA but < 5% ETB receptors) had no effect on the immunoreactive plasma concentrations of the three peptides. 4. At the higher dose of 750 mg TAK-044 (giving a serum concentration of 80 nM, calculated to block > 99% of ETA and > 75% ETB receptors), the immunoreactive plasma endothelin concentrations were increased 3.3 fold over basal levels (P < 0.01). The concentrations of big endothelin-1 or C-terminal fragment of big endothelin-1 were unchanged. 5. At both doses of TAK-044, there were significant decreases in diastolic blood pressure, and peripheral vascular resistance, with corresponding increases in cardiac index and stroke index. There were no changes in systolic or mean arterial blood pressures or heart rate. 6. Since only the concentrations of the mature peptide were increased, we conclude that the most likely sources of endothelin contributing to the observed rise were displacement of receptor-bound peptide and reduction in plasma clearance rather than peptide synthesis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists*
  • Endothelin-1 / metabolism
  • Endothelins / blood*
  • Endothelins / immunology
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Myocardium / ultrastructure
  • Peptide Fragments / blood*
  • Peptides, Cyclic / metabolism
  • Peptides, Cyclic / pharmacology*
  • Protein Precursors / blood*
  • Receptor, Endothelin A
  • Receptor, Endothelin B
  • Receptors, Endothelin / metabolism
  • Vascular Resistance / drug effects
  • Ventricular Function, Left / drug effects


  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Endothelin-1
  • Endothelins
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • Protein Precursors
  • Receptor, Endothelin A
  • Receptor, Endothelin B
  • Receptors, Endothelin
  • TAK 044