Demographic and behavioral factors associated with adolescent pregnancy in Switzerland

Fam Plann Perspect. Sep-Oct 1996;28(5):232-6.

Abstract

Switzerland has the lowest adolescent fertility rate in Western Europe. According to data collected in 1993 as part of the Swiss Multicentre Adolescent Survey on Health, 5% of 1,726 sexually active adolescents in a group of 3,993 15-20-year-old women enrolled in academic or vocational classes had ever been pregnant; most of these women (80%) had terminated their pregnancy. Adolescents who had ever been pregnant did not differ significantly from those who had not by demographic characteristics. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified seven factors associated with pregnancy: having had four or more sexual partners; not having used contraceptives at first intercourse; ever use of less-effective contraceptive methods; having used illicit drugs during the last 30 days; living apart from one's parents; recently experiencing stress; and perceiving a lack of future prospects.

PIP: Switzerland has the lowest adolescent fertility rate in Western Europe. Data collected in 1993 as part of the Swiss Multicenter Adolescent Survey on Health indicate that 5% of 1726 sexually active adolescents in a group of 3993 15-20 year old women enrolled in academic or vocational classes had ever been pregnant; 80% had terminated their pregnancy. The authors analyzed this data in order to identify which demographic and behavioral factors may be associated with adolescent pregnancy in Switzerland. The adolescents who had ever been pregnant did not have significantly different demographic characteristics compared to the young women who had not been pregnant. Having had four or more sex partners, nonuse of contraception at first intercourse, ever use of less effective contraceptive methods, having used illicit drugs during the past 30 days, living apart from one's parents, recently experiencing stress, and perceiving a lack of future prospects were identified through multiple logistic regression as factors associated with pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Demography
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Logistic Models
  • Odds Ratio
  • Population Surveillance
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence / psychology
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Religion
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Switzerland