Suspected bentonite toxicosis in a cat from ingestion of clay cat litter

Vet Hum Toxicol. 1996 Oct;38(5):365-6.


A 2 1/2-y-old spayed female cat was presented for lethargy and weakness. The cat was hypokalemic (3.1 m Eq K/L) and severely anemic (60% PVC, 1.3 g hemoglobin/dL). The cat was known to ingest bentonite-containing cat litter. It recovered with treatment of i.v. fluids, electrolytes and whole blood transfusion and was discharged. Two months later the cat was presented again with signs similar to those seen previously. This occurred 1 mo after the owner resumed the use of bentonite-containing cat litter. The signs were remarkably similar to those reported in humans from the chronic ingestion of bentonite clays. Bentonite toxicosis is suggested by the coexistence of hypokalemia hypochromic anemia in cats presented with lethargy and muscle weakness.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bentonite / administration & dosage
  • Bentonite / toxicity*
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Cats
  • Electrolytes / administration & dosage
  • Electrolytes / therapeutic use
  • Fatigue / chemically induced*
  • Fatigue / veterinary
  • Female
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Injections, Intravenous / veterinary
  • Poisoning / veterinary
  • Potassium / blood
  • Sleep Stages / drug effects*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Electrolytes
  • Hemoglobins
  • Bentonite
  • Potassium