Differences in treatment of acute myocardial infarction by sex, age, and other factors (the Stanford Five-City Project)

Am J Cardiol. 1996 Oct 15;78(8):861-5. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(96)00457-2.


This study examines the temporal trends in the use of angiography followed by revascularization procedures for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 2,021 hospitalized men and 995 women aged 30 to 74 years who participated in the Stanford Five-City Project during the years 1986 to 1992. Our sample included hospitalized patients who received a discharge diagnosis code of 410 through 414 and met study criteria for either a definite or possible AMI. Incident and recurrent infarctions occurring in the years 1986 through 1992 were included, but only the first event in this period for each patient. We performed stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis to determine the probability of: (1) receiving coronary angiography, (2) revascularization by either coronary bypass surgery or angioplasty among those with angiogram, and (3) thrombolytic therapy. Age, year of procedure, disease severity, and time between symptom onset and medical treatment were included as covariates. After adjustment of these factors, women were less likely than men to undergo angiography but were equally likely to undergo revascularization and thrombolysis. Hispanics and whites were equally likely to receive angiography and thrombolysis, but Hispanics were less likely than whites to undergo revascularization. Age and disease severity were inverse predictors of coronary angiography but not of revascularization. Age, severity, and delay time between onset of symptoms and medical therapy were inverse predictors of thrombolysis; delay time was significantly greater in women than in men and averaged > 6 hours in both sexes. The likelihood of receiving angiography, revascularization, and thrombolysis increased sharply over the study period.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • California / epidemiology
  • Coronary Angiography / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Myocardial Revascularization / statistics & numerical data
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'*
  • Probability
  • Recurrence
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Thrombolytic Therapy / statistics & numerical data
  • Time Factors