To estimate the proportion of unruptured cerebral aneurysms with thin-walled sac, we have analyzed the operative findings of 78 incidental cerebral aneurysms found in 51 consecutive surgical cases by reviewing of intra-operative videotape recordings. Among 78 unruptured aneurysms, 23 (30%) were evaluated as thick-walled aneurysms (Type A), 39 (50%) with partially thin-walled sac (Type B) and 16 (20%) with entirely thin wall sacs (Type C). The mean size of Type A aneurysms was 10.4 mm (ranging from 3 to 22 mm), in Type B it was 9.8 mm (ranging 4 to 25 mm) and in Type C it was 4.4 mm (between 2-12 mm). Approximately two-thirds of Type C aneurysms were 4 mm in size or smaller, and Type C aneurysms were significantly smaller than Type A aneurysms. In summary, this preliminary study has provided two original data. 1) About 70% of incidental unruptured aneurysms have a partially or entirely thin-walled sac. 2) Many of the small aneurysms have an entirely thin sac. Assuming that thin-walled aneurysms are at a high risk of subsequent rupture, the surgical intervention for incidental unruptured aneurysms may be recommended irrespective of their size if the surgical risk is considered low.