Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by thymine-uraciluria and associated with a variable clinical phenotype. In order to identify the molecular defect underlying complete DPD deficiency in a Dutch patient previously shown to have a 165 base pair deletion in the mature DPD mRNA, we cloned the genomic region encompassing the skipped exon and its flanking intron sequences. Sequence analysis revealed that the patient was homozygous for a single G-->A point mutation in the invariant GT dinucleotide splice donor site downstream of the skipped exon. The same mutation was identified in another, unrelated, Dutch patient. Because this mutation destroys a unique MaeII restriction site, rapid screening using restriction enzyme cleavage of the amplified genomic region encompassing this mutation is possible. Analysis of 50 controls revealed no individuals heterozygous for this mutation.