The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has been used to identify Arabidopsis thaliana proteins that may play a role in cell shape maintenance or cell cycle regulation. An Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library was constructed in pREP5N vector under the control of the inducible nmt1 promoter and transformed into S. pombe. Expression of the A. thaliana sequences was induced and clones showing severe morphological changes were identified and analysed. Comparison of the sequences of the inserts with the sequence data bases revealed that several cDNAs encode proteins known to play a role in function of the cytoskeleton, the cell cycle and establishment of cell polarity. These include alpha-1, alpha-2, alpha-6 and beta-6 tubulins, myosin heavy chain-like protein, ubiquitin conjugating enzymes UBC9 (E2), 26S protease subunits, Ranbinding protein, myb protein, PRL1 gene product and rho protein. Approximately 30% of the clones encode novel sequences. The results suggest that S. pombe phenotypic screening can be used to identify plant proteins involved in cell shape maintenance and regulation during cell cycle and development.