Background: Long-term observations in patients with Kartagener's syndrome (situs inversus, bronchiectasis, and sinusitis) are rare. The role of additional cardiac malformations and their surgical repair is not well known.
Methods: Nine patients (5 female and 4 male) with Kartagener's syndrome were identified and followed. Four patients had associated cardiac anomalies; 4 underwent total surgical repair at the ages of 4 (2 patients), 7, and 34 years.
Results: The postoperative period was uneventful, and these 4 patients are doing well 7 months and 2, 9, and 19 years after repair. The other patients are being treated with conservative therapy and are in relatively good condition.
Conclusions: This disease can be temporarily benign when treated with antibiotics and physiotherapy. Associated cardiac anomalies seem to be quite common, and such patients need careful cardiologic follow-up. Surgical intervention can be safely performed in patients suffering from Kartagener's syndrome associated with a congenital cardiac malformation and produces good long-term results. Bilateral lung transplantation seems to be the therapy of choice in patients with respiratory insufficiency but without concomitant cardiac anomalies.