Objectives: To evaluate the effects of 2 compounds with alpha adrenergic antagonist properties on the urethral pressures of anesthetized, healthy, sexually intact male cats, and to evaluate one of the compounds for effect on striated muscle.
Animals: 20 healthy, sexually intact male cats.
Procedure: Cats were anesthetized with halothane, and urethral pressure profilometry was performed before and after treatment. 125I-labeled alpha-bungarotoxin bound to nicotinic receptors of murine skeletal muscle was used in a competitive binding study with acepromazine maleate.
Results: Acepromazine maleate significantly decreased intraurethral pressures in the preprostatic (19%) and prostatic (21%) regions of the urethra. There was no effect on the postprostatic/penile segment. Acepromazine did not inhibit 125I-labeled alpha-bungarotoxin binding to nicotinic receptors in murine skeletal muscle. Phenoxybenzamine significantly decreased intraurethral pressures (14%) in the preprostatic region of the urethra only.
Conclusions: Acepromazine maleate and phenoxybenzamine have effects on the smooth muscle of the urethra of healthy, male cats. Acepromazine has no effect on striated muscle.
Clinical relevance: alpha-Adrenergic compounds may be used in the pharmacologic management of feline urinary tract disease.